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"I am continually fascinated by the ever-changing interplay between law, public policy, and competitive market pressures in regulated markets for energy products and services."



A former trial attorney in the Antitrust Division of the US Department of Justice, George primarily concentrates his practice on the interplay between regulation and competition in energy markets. George represents electric and gas utilities, pipeline companies, generators, and marketers in administrative proceedings before the NY Public Service Commission (PSC) and the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) as well as in commercial matters and proceedings before the NY Independent System Operator, Inc. (NYISO).

George assists generators and transmission providers in connection with the siting of new facilities under Articles 7 and 10 of the Public Service Law and also advises generators, pipeline companies, and commercial landowners in obtaining lightened regulation from the PSC. He also obtains approvals for transfers of assets and ownership interests under the Public Service Law, counsels retail energy service providers in matters before the PSC, and assists electric-power marketers in obtaining market-based rate authority from FERC and in complying with FERC’s evolving regulatory requirements for market-based rate authority.

As a former federal-regulatory-affairs attorney at a major NY electric utility during the formation and early years of NYISO, George continues to advise clients with respect to NYISO interconnection and governance matters, relicensing of hydroelectric generating facilities, and in complying with the mandatory reliability rules of the North American Electric Reliability Council.

Bar Associations

  • New York State Bar Association, Public Utility Law Committee Chair
  • Energy Bar Association

Representative Experience

  • Represents the NY Power Authority in connection with its request for a certificate of environmental compatibility and public need for the reconstruction of NYPA’s Moses-Adirondack 1 and 2 230 kV transmission lines.
  • Obtained siting approval from the PSC for a gas pipeline now serving the Greenidge Generating Station in Dresden, New York, as well as lightened regulation for both the pipeline and the Greenidge Station.
  • Obtained market-based rate authority from FERC for the Greenidge Station.
  • Represented Direct Energy, LLC in hearings before the PSC on the charges and other conditions of service offered by retail energy marketers in New York State.
  • Successfully defended a number of consumer complaints brought against Direct Energy, LLC at the PSC.
  • Drafted tariff language for a major NYS utility to implement section 79-a of the Public Service Law governing the sale of utility street lighting systems to municipal customers.
  • Represents a major NYS utility in connection with disputes concerning the rates and charges for street lighting services.
  • Successfully represented Direct Energy, LLC in connection with the investigation by the staff of the Department of Public Service of Direct Energy’s acquisition of NYSEG Solutions and Energetix.
  • On behalf of Direct Energy, LLC, challenged the PSC’s implementation of New York’s Freedom of Information Law in court litigation.
  • Obtained Article VII siting approval for Transmission Developers, Inc. from the PSC for a 1,000MW HVDC transmission line running from New York’s border with Canada to New York City.
  • Represented a major NYS electric utility in the development of individually negotiated rate agreements with its large industrial and commercial customers and in the development of contracts with customers receiving commodity supplies from the NY Power Authority as well as in street-lighting and electric-rate proceedings before the PSC.
  • Represented a major NYS utility in the formation and early implementation of the NYISO.
  • Represented a major NYS utility in the FERC relicensing proceeding for NYPA’s Niagara Hydroelectric Project and in FERC licensing proceedings for the utility’s own hydroelectric generating plants.

Prior Experience

  • Hiscock & Barclay, LLP, Partner
  • Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation, In-House Attorney
  • Peeper, Martin, Jensen Maichel and Hetlage, Associate
  • Pepper Hamilton, Associate
  • US Department of Justice Antitrust Division Energy Section, Trial Attorney

Selected Honors

  • Chambers USA, New York State: Energy: State Regulatory & Wholesale Electric, 2011–2022

Selected Speaking Engagements

  • New York State Bar Association Business Law Committee, “What’s New in Public Utility Law”
  • Independent Power Producers of New York, “Article 10 and SEQR Under the Clean Energy Standard”

Selected Alerts & Blog Posts

Featured Media


NYS Submits 1115 Waiver Amendment (Health Equity Reform) to CMS


Federal Court Sanctions Party Where Corporate Representative Answered "I Don't Know" over 100 Times During 30(b)(6) Deposition


COVID-19 Business Interruption Update: Second Circuit Issues Decisions in Favor of Insurers Dismissing Claims


NYS Governor Hochul Signs Bill Expanding the Decision-Making Rights of Individuals With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities


Board of Regents Adopts Emergency Regulations on the Mental Health Diagnostic Privilege


Utility Companies Not Liable for Substations They Do Not Own, Operate, or Supervise

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